Alfalfa Hay: Essential Feed for Optimal Animal Health and Productivity

Alfalfa hay is a nutritious feed for livestock. It is made from the dried stems and leaves of the alfalfa plant. It is a well-known food choice for a wide range of animals, including cattle, sheep, goats, rabbits, and horses. Alfalfa grass provides protein, fiber, and other essential nutrients to animals. 

Nutritional Value of Alfalfa Hay

Nutrients that are present in alfalfa hay include;

  • Protein: Alfalfa is high in protein feed, containing approximately 17–22% protein. This implies that it ought to make up a sizable portion of the diet for animals growing and for lactating or laboring animals that need a high protein intake.
  • Fiber: Alfalfa hay is rich in fiber, which helps the animals suppress their appetite, which is really good for the strength of their digestive system.
  • Vitamins: It is a great source of vitamins such as D, E, K, and A.
  • Minerals: Alfalfa hay also contains many essential minerals such as calcium, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, etc.

Benefits of Feeding Alfalfa Hay to Animals

Feeding alfalfa has many benefits for animals. The absolute most important benefits include:

1. Improved weight gain

Alfalfa hay has a high energy level, making it a great option for encouraging animals to acquire weight. This is especially advantageous for active, growing animals that need a diet high in nutrients.

2. Improved milk production

Alfalfa hay is abundant in calcium and protein, which are essential for excessive milk production in cows. It is suggested that if you have dairy cows, you should buy alfalfa hay in bulk from a reputable supplier.

3. Improved reproductive performance

Hay made from alfalfa plants may improve an animal’s capacity for reproduction. This can be attributed to its high content of protein, vitamins, and minerals, which are essential for preserving reproductive health.

4. Better bone health

Alfalfa hay’s high abundance of calcium and phosphorus makes it an excellent feed option for promoting healthy teeth and bones in animals. Providing animals with hay from fresh alfalfa can also help reduce the risk of bone-related issues. All in all, alfalfa hay is a great choice for maintaining optimal bone health in domesticated animals.

5. Reduced risk of digestive problems

Alfalfa hay is a feed that is high in fiber and assists in protecting animals’ digestive systems from issues. This is due to the fact that fiber supports the maintenance of a healthy and efficient digestive system.

6. Promotes efficient energy utilization

Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are produced when the horse’s hindgut bacteria gradually break down the fiber in alfalfa hay. Rather than using the starch and sugar found in grains, horses use vegetable fats (VFAs) as their primary energy source because they use them more efficiently.

7. Increased palatability

Alfalfa hay’s delicious taste and unmatched palatability make it a top choice for picky eaters among animals and an excellent feed option to encourage animals to eat while ensuring they get the necessary nutrition.

8. Enhanced Immune System Support

Alfalfa hay contains bioactive compounds, including antioxidants and phytochemicals, that contribute to boosting the immune system of animals. Beyond just basic nourishment, these components contribute to the defense against infections and illnesses. Frequent ingestion of alfalfa hay stimulates a strong immune system, which benefits the general health of the animal.

9. Optimal Hoof Health

Alfalfa hay supports the health and strength of the hooves of horses and cows. These include calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. By lowering the chances of frequent hoof issues, eating enough alfalfa hay can enhance mobility and preserve overall hoof integrity. For animals that depend on their hooves for a variety of tasks, this advantage is especially valuable.

10. Balanced Gut Microbiota

The high fiber content of alfalfa hay aids animals’ formation of balanced and healthy gut flora. In the digestive tract, the fibrous structure promotes the growth of good bacteria, which helps with effective nutrition absorption and digestion. For animals to avoid digestive problems, improve nutrition utilization, and preserve general gastrointestinal health, a healthy gut microbiota is crucial.

How to Feed Alfalfa Hay to Animals?

An animal’s age, weight, and movement level determine how much grass it needs to eat. However, an animal should consume one to two percent of its body weight per day in horse feed. Alfalfa hay can be fed to animals as a free choice or as part of a total mixed ration (TMR).


Alfalfa hay is fed to livestock animals due to its high nutritional profile. Rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, protein, and other nutrients, it can help animals in many ways, including enhancing the reproductive system, encouraging weight gain, and strengthening bones. At Maple Gems, we offer an unwavering commitment to supplying North America’s best forage catering to the discerning needs of businesses across the globe. 


Q1: Which animals eat alfalfa hay?

Alfalfa is used as a feed for animals like cows, horses, hens, sheep, and turkeys. It increases the production of their wool, meat, and milk.

Q2: What is the most common use of Alfalfa hay?

The most widely recognized use of Alfalfa hay is to give food to domesticated animals.

Q3: Is alfalfa a high-protein food?

Alfalfa hay is a high-quality and rich content source of protein. Mid-bloom alfalfa hay frequently has a crude protein content of 17% or higher.

Q4: Is there a natural antibiotic in alfalfa?

Yes, the polysaccharides content in alfalfa acts as an alternative to antibiotics in animal feed.